Iron is an essential element for blood production. About 70 percent of our body’s iron is found in the red blood cells of our blood called haemoglobin and in muscle cells called myoglobin. Haemoglobin is essential for transferring oxygen in your blood from the lungs to the tissues.
Men need around 8 mg of iron in their daily diet, women need up to 18 mg (or 27 mg if pregnant). Women need more iron than men to make up for the amount of iron they lose in their menstrual period
Best source of dietary iron is from red meat and bone broth. Plant source with high iron content are beetroot, lotus, read and black bean, dark green vegetables like kale and spinach, blackstrap molasses.
People who are at risk of iron deficiency and may need supplementation are: athletes, pregnant women, women of childbearing age, mature adults/seniors, vegetarians/vegans, certain intestinal diseases and patient undergoing chemotherapy.